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Glossary
226
 Glossary
Gateway
A connection between computer networks, or between a computer network 
and a telephone line. It is very popular, as it is a computer or a network that 
allows access to another computer or network.
Grayscale
A shade of gray that represents light and dark portions of an image when color 
images are converted to grayscale; colors are represented by various shades of 
gray.
Halftone
An image type that simulates grayscale by varying the number of dots. Highly 
colored areas consist of a large number of dots, while lighter areas consist of a 
smaller number of dots.
Mass storage device
Mass storage device, commonly referred to as a hard drive or hard disk, is a non-
volatile storage device which stores digitally-encoded data on rapidly rotating 
platters with magnetic surfaces.
IEEE
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is an international 
non-profit, professional organization for the advancement of technology 
related to electricity.
IEEE 1284
The 1284 parallel port standard was developed by the Institute of Electrical and 
Electronics Engineers (IEEE). The term "1284-B" refers to a specific connector 
type on the end of the parallel cable that attaches to the peripheral (for example, 
a printer). 
Intranet
A private network that uses Internet Protocols, network connectivity, and 
possibly the public telecommunication system to securely share part of an 
organization's information or operations with its employees. Sometimes the 
term refers only to the most visible service, the internal website.
IP address
An Internet Protocol (IP) address is a unique number that devices use in order to 
identify and communicate with each other on a network utilizing the Internet 
Protocol standard.