Nikon 13187 User Guide (en)

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Z
Z
Exposure
Choose how the camera sets exposure in PSA, and M modes (in other modes, the 
camera selects the metering method automatically).
To choose a metering option, press the 
Z (Q) button and rotate the main 
command dial until the desired setting is 
displayed in the viewfinder and control 
panel.
Metering
Option
Description
a
Matrix
: Produces natural results in most situations. Camera meters a wide area of the 
frame and set exposure according to tone distribution, color, composition, and, with 
type G or D lenses (
0 287), distance information (3D color matrix metering II; with 
other CPU lenses, camera uses color matrix metering II, which does not include 3D 
distance information). With non-CPU lenses, camera uses color matrix metering if focal 
length and maximum aperture are specified using Non-CPU lens data option in setup 
menu (
0 173); otherwise camera uses center-weighted metering.
Z
Center-weighted
: Camera meters entire frame but assigns greatest weight to center area 
(if CPU lens is attached, size of area can be selected using Custom Setting b4, Center-
weighted area
0 226; if non-CPU lens is attached, area is 12 mm in diameter). Classic 
meter for portraits; recommended when using filters with an exposure factor (filter 
factor) over 1×.
*
b
Spot
: Camera meters circle 4 mm (0.16 in.) in diameter (approximately 1.5% of frame). 
Circle is centered on current focus point, making it possible to meter off-center subjects 
(if non-CPU lens is used or if auto-area AF is in effect, camera will meter center focus 
point). Ensures that subject will be correctly exposed, even when background is much 
brighter or darker.
*
For improved precision with non-CPU lenses, specify lens focal length and maximum 
aperture in Non-CPU lens data menu (
A
See Also
For information on making separate 
adjustments to optimal exposure for each 
metering method, see Custom Setting b5 
(Fine-tune optimal exposure
(P, S, A, and M Modes Only)
Z (Q) button Main command dial
Control panel
Viewfinder