Netopia 3346N-ENT User Guide (en)

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10-26  Firmware User Guide
This filter blocks any packets coming from a remote network with the IP network address 200.233.14.0. The 0 
at the end of the address signifies any host on the class C IP network 200.233.14.0. If, for example, the filter 
is applied to a packet with the source IP address 200.233.14.5, it will block it.
In this case, the mask, which does not appear in the table, must be set to 255.255.255.0. This way, all 
packets with a source address of 200.233.14.x will be matched correctly, no matter what the final address byte 
is.
Note:
The protocol attribute for this filter is 0 by default. This tells the filter to ignore the IP protocol or type of 
IP packet.
Design guidelines
Careful thought must go into designing a new filter set. You should consider the following guidelines: 
Be sure the filter set’s overall purpose is clear from the beginning. A vague purpose can lead to a faulty 
set, and that can actually make your network less secure.
Be sure each individual filter’s purpose is clear.
Determine how filter priority will affect the set’s actions. Test the set (on paper) by determining how the 
filters would respond to a number of different hypothetical packets.
Consider the combined effect of the filters. If ever y filter in a set fails to match on a par ticular packet, the 
packet is:
For warded if all the filters are configured to discard (not for ward)
Discarded if all the filters are configured to for ward
Discarded if the set contains a combination of for ward and discard filters
Disadvantages of filters
Although using filter sets can greatly enhance network security, there are disadvantages:
Filters are complex. Combining them in filter sets introduces subtle interactions, increasing the likelihood 
of implementation errors.
Enabling a large number of filters can have a negative impact on per formance. Processing of packets will 
take longer if they have to go through many checkpoints.
Too much reliance on packet filters can cause too little reliance on other security methods. Filter sets are 
not a substitute for password protection, effective safeguarding of passwords, caller ID, the “must match” 
option in the answer profile, PAP or CHAP in connection profiles, callback, and general awareness of how 
your network may be vulnerable. 
An approach to using filters
The ultimate goal of network security is to prevent unauthorized access to the network without compromising 
authorized access. Using filter sets is par t of reaching that goal. 
Each filter set you design will be based on one of the following approaches:
That which is not expressly prohibited is permitted.